Mcq on disease of respiratory system in childhood

Post a Comment. Sunday, January 13, 9 - respiratory system mcqs - 41 to Question 41 A year-old woman is in the 28th week of an uncomplicated pregnancy when she experiences the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain, followed by vaginal bleeding, then the onset of labor. A girl infant is delivered on the way to the hospital. On arrival within an hour, the baby is in respiratory distress and requires intubation and mechanical ventilation.

A day later, a chest radiograph shows opacification of both lungs. The baby's respiratory status does not improve. Which of the following histopathologic findings is most likely to be present in this baby's lungs? The baby has been born prematurely, with incomplete lung development, and the lack of pulmonary surfactant production leads to hyaline membrane disease with respiratory distress in the newborn.

A Incorrect. A congenital pneumonia is unlikely to have developed in this rapid a time. B Incorrect. These are findings of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which may occur later in the course. D Incorrect. Hemorrhage can occur with a coagulopathy in a newborn, but is unusual in this emergent situation.

E Incorrect. Lymphocytic infiltrates suggest a viral process, but congenital pneumonias are typically caused by bacterial organisms. On physical examination there are expiratory wheezes. Her chest radiograph shows a few small 0. Laboratory studies show an elevated serum IgE along with peripheral blood eosinophilia. A sputum sample shows eosinophils.

Which of the following pathologic findings is most likely present in her bronchi? She has an allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Her asthma is exacerbated by a type I hypersensitivity reaction to the fungus in the bronchi. Blastomycosis is an uncommon form of fungal disease that is likely to produce a granulomatous response. C Incorrect.

Candidiasis is more likely to be seen in immunocompromised patients. Wegener granulomatosis is not associated with asthma. CMV is seen in immunocompromised patients. CMV is not associated with eosinophilia.

However, increasing respiratory distress in the next hour requires intubation and positive pressure ventilation. Two months later, the infant is finally taken off the ventilator, but still does not oxygenate normally. Which of the following diseases has this infant most likely developed? The BPD is a complication of the treatment for neonatal respiratory distress. The positive pressure ventilation with the higher FIO2's, and the prolonged intubation, all contribute.

Generally, these are premature infants who had a respiratory complication following birth, such as hyaline membrane disease. Diffuse alveolar damage DAD is an acute condition more likely to be seen in adults with severe lung injury. Asthma is not typically a neonatal disease, and asthma tends to be episodic, without development of chronic lung disease.Respiratory disease is a medical term that describes pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms.

Take this quiz to advance your knowledge and find out more about these diseases. The bronchial tubes become inflamed and enlarged, the passage way becomes blocked, and reduces your ability to expel mucus. Forgot your password? Speak now. Respiratory Diseases Quiz. Please take the quiz to rate it. All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions 11 questions 12 questions 13 questions 14 questions 15 questions.

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mcq on disease of respiratory system in childhood

More Respiratory Quizzes. Respiratory For Final Pediatric Quiz. Pre-test Respiratory Assessment. Featured Quizzes. Are You Really Best Friends? What U. City Should You Live In? Related Topics. Questions and Answers. Remove Excerpt. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. Which respiratory disease causes the airway to become narrow, inflamed and constricted?

Which respiratory disease is characterized as inflammation of the bronchi and the bronchial tubes due to infections, smoking or pollutants? Persistent cough that produces clear, yellow, white or green phlegm is a symptom of what respiratory disease?

Respiratory System MCQ - Multiple Choice Question and Answer

What obstructive lung disease involves damage to the aveoli, caused by exposure to toxic chemicals or cigarette smoke? The aveoli filters become damaged, elasticity is reduced, and then they become enlarged.

In which disease does the kidneys sense the reduction in blood flow and attempt to compensate by retaining water and salt? Which type of Apnea is characterized as when a patient stops breathing but the airway is open?Forums New posts Search forums. What's new New posts Latest activity.

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Respiratory Diseases Quiz

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Thread starter aayisha quddus Start date Nov 27, Potassium iodide B. Guaiphenesin C. Terpin hydrate D. Bromhexine Inhibiting cough centre B. Irritating gastric mucosa and reflexly increasing bronchial secretion C. Depolymerizing mucopolysaccharides present in sputum. Desensitizing stretch receptors in the lungs Analgesic B. Antitussive C.Respiratory illness is a common problem in the United States. Many times, people are genetically more likely to get respiratory conditions, but your work place or environmental exposures could also play a big role.

One thing is for sure, smoking is the most common cause of respiratory disease. Asthma is defined as a common, chronic respiratory condition that causes difficulty breathing due to inflammation of the airways. Asthma symptoms include dry cough, wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath.

Meyer says there is a major connection between environmental allergies and asthma. Allergic reactions, infections and pollution can all trigger an asthma attack. Meyer says. Usually, asthma starts in childhood years and progresses into adulthood. However, some people in their 60s, 70s and 80s can get adult onset asthma.

Meyer says asthma is a reversible obstructive lung disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an umbrella term that encompasses several respiratory illnesses that cause breathlessness, or the inability to exhale normally. People usually experience symptoms, including shortness of breath, and normally cough up sputum mucus from the lungsespecially in the morning. COPD can be tricky for some people to identify, because symptoms are often mistaken for the gradual aging process and body deterioration.

In fact, COPD can develop over the course of several years without any signs of shortness of breath. For that reason, Dr. Meyer says COPD often goes undetected for far too long. He says the disease usually begins while people are in their 30s or 40s and then peaks during their 50s, 60s and 70s. People can experience varying severity levels of COPD. Treatment includes smoking cessation, bronchodilator therapy medication that opens the airways and pulmonary rehabilitation, which is a supervised exercise program for people with COPD.

Unlike asthma, COPD is not reversible. Meyer identifies COPD as one of the most serious and dangerous respiratory illnesses, and COPD is the number one problem seen in most pulmonology offices.Post a Comment. Which one is it? It is the Perspiration system. It is the Respiratory system. It is the Photosynthsis D. It is the Urinary system.

Ans: B. Ans: A. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronchioles. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Ravioli. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Alveoli.

mcq on disease of respiratory system in childhood

The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronx. Ans: C. Exercising B. Singing C. Smoking D.

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Bronchioles D. Ans: D. Alveoli B. Larynx C. Trachea D. Lung balloon. Diaphragm D. When you breathe in your diaphragm expands and your ribcage contracts.

mcq on disease of respiratory system in childhood

When you breathe in your diaphragm contracts and your ribcage expands. When you breathe in your diaphragm explodes and your ribcage contradicts.

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When you breathe in your diaphragm does not move and your ribcage expands. Humans have four lungs. Humans have one lung. Humans have three lungs. Humans have two lungs. Bronchial tubes are air passages inside your lungs. Bronchial tubes are blood vessels inside your body.The respiratory system is susceptible to a number of diseases, and the lungs are prone to a wide range of disorders caused by pollutants in the air. More than 20 million people in the United States have asthma, and it's the 1 reason that kids frequently miss school.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes airways to tighten and narrow. Often triggered by irritants in the air such as cigarette smoke, asthma flares involve contraction of the muscles and swelling of the lining of the tiny airways. The resulting narrowing of the airways prevents air from flowing properly, causing wheezing and difficulty breathing, sometimes to the point of being life-threatening.

Children - Respiratory disorders

Not to be confused with bronchitis, bronchiolitis is an inflammation of the bronchioles, the smallest branches of the bronchial tree. Bronchiolitis affects mostly infants and young children, and can cause wheezing and serious difficulty breathing. COPD is a term that describes two lung diseases — emphysema and chronic bronchitis:.

Common cold. Symptoms may include a mild fever, cough, headache, runny nose, sneezing, and sore throat. A cough is a symptom of an illness, not an illness itself. There are many different types of cough and many different causes, ranging from not-so-serious to life-threatening.

Some of the more common causes affecting kids are the common cold, asthma, sinusitis, seasonal allergies, croup, and pneumonia. Cystic fibrosis CF. Affecting more than 30, kids and young adults in the United States, cystic fibrosis is the most common inherited disease affecting the lungs.

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Affecting primarily the respiratory and digestive systems, CF causes mucus in the body to be abnormally thick and sticky. The mucus can clog the airways in the lungs and make a person more vulnerable to bacterial infections.

Lung cancer. Caused by an abnormal growth of cells in the lungs, lung cancer is a leading cause of death in the United States and is usually caused by smoking cigarettes. It starts in the lining of the bronchi and takes a long time to develop, so it's usually a disease in adults.

Symptoms include a lasting cough that may bring up blood, chest pain, hoarseness, and shortness of breath. Radon is more likely to happen in certain parts of the United States.

You can check your home's radon level with a radon kit available at your local home supply or hardware store. This inflammation of the lungs usually happens because of bacterial or viral infection.

Pneumonia causes fever and inflammation of lung tissue, and makes breathing difficult because the lungs have to work harder to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide from the blood. Pulmonary hypertension. This is when the blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs is abnormally high, which means the heart has to work harder to pump blood against that high pressure.

Several respiratory conditions can affect a newborn baby just starting to breathe for the first time. Vidant Health can connect you to health care professionals to help you understand your condition and guide you through the treatment process. The most common problems of the respiratory system are: Asthma. Talking to your kids about smoking is a key part of preventing smoking-related diseases. In emphysema, the lungs produce an excessive amount of mucus and the alveoli become damaged. It becomes difficult to breathe and get enough oxygen into the blood.Question No : 15 All are lung diseases except.

Question No : 16 The maximum volume of inspirable air is called. Question No : 17 Anoxia means. Question No : 18 The term used to denote the difference in volume between the total lung capacity and the vital capacity is.

Question No : 19 The vibrations of which of these membranes produces vocal sounds? Question No : 20 Internal respiration refers to.

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Question No : 21 The carbon dioxide pressure in the lung capillaries is. Explanation are given for understanding. A asthma. B pericarditis. C bronchitis. D pneumonia. A vital capacity. B residual volume. C inspiratory capacity.

D any of these. A absence of oxygen. B diminished amount of oxygen delivered to the tissues.

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C both a and b. D none of these. A tidal volume. B ventilation rate. C residual volume.

mcq on disease of respiratory system in childhood

D all of these.

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